新概念英语1:Lesson 45 & 46 笔记


Lesson 45 单词讲解


can  [kæn] modal verb 能够

can 情态动词,后面跟动词原形

I can see the stars at night. 我晚上能看到星星。

Can you speak English? 你会说英语吗?

I can run very fast. 我跑得非常快。

could 为can 过去式,表示请求,语气更委婉。

Could you pass me the ball, please? 你能帮我递一下球吗?

boss [bɒs] n. 老板;上司

manager ['mænɪdʒə ] n. 经理

He is a boss. 他是一位老板。

My boss is always busy. 我的老板总是很忙。

She's the boss of the company. 她是这家公司的老板。

派生:bossy adj. 好指挥人的


minute ['mɪnɪt] n. 分钟;片刻,一会儿

wait a minute 等一会儿

in a minute 马上,立刻

hour ['aʊə]  小时

second  ['sekənd] 秒

Wait a minute, I need to finish this first. 等一下,我需要先完成这个。

I'll be there in a minute. 我马上过去。

ask  [ɑːsk] v. 询问;请求;要求

Can I ask you a question? 我可以问你一个问题吗?

ask the way 问路

answer v.回答

handwriting ['hændraɪtɪŋ]  n. 书写

The handwriting is terrbile. 字写得太差了。

His handwriting is very nice. 他的字写得很好。

terrible  ['terəbl] adj. 可怕的;糟糕的

What terrible weather!  多坏的天气。

I am a terrible cook. 我是一个糟糕的厨师。

lift [lɪft] v.  举起,拿起,搬起;  n. 电梯(英式直梯,美式:elavator)

Can you  lift this heavy box? 你能抬这个重箱子吗?

There are fourteen people in this lift, it's overweight. 


cake [keɪk] n. 蛋糕(可数名词)

make a cake 做蛋糕

birthday cake 生日蛋糕

three pieces of cake 三块蛋糕

cupcake 纸杯蛋糕

fruitcake 水果蛋糕

 I love eating chocolate cake.  我喜欢吃巧克力蛋糕。

biscuit ['bɪskɪt]  n. 饼干(可数名词)

These biscuits are really delicious. 这些饼干真的很好吃。

Can I have another biscuit, please? 请再给我一个饼干。

a packet of biscuits 一袋饼干


Lesson 45 课文讲解


1. Can you come here a minute please, Bob?


句中的 a minute 是时间状语,表示“一会儿”,”片刻“。

Wait a minute, please. 请稍等一会儿。

2. She's next door. 她在隔壁。

next door 隔壁

这里next door 作表语。

She's next door to us. 她与我们相邻。

Next door to us there's a couple from the USA.

next-door adj. 隔壁的, 邻家的

The next-door girl is very beautiful. 隔壁的女孩很漂亮。

3. Can she type this letter for me ? 她能为我打一下这封信吗?

Ask her please.  请问问他。

for 为

I make breakfast for my son every day. 我每天为我的儿子做早餐。

ask 动词后的人称用宾格形式,所以用her

4. The boss's handwriting is terrible. 


the boss's handwriting 老板的书写 (名词所有格)

Lily的妈妈   Lily's mother 

我妈妈的手提包: my mother's handbag.

5. What's the matter?

What's the matter? 怎么啦?相当于What's wrong? 这个句型通常用来询问发生了什么事。假如要特别提及某人,可以在后面加上介词with, 如:

What's the matter with you? 你怎么啦?=What's wrong with you?

What's the matter with your mother? 你妈妈怎么了?=What's wrong with your mother?

Lesson 35 语法讲解


1. 概念:表示情感,态度

You must go out!

Can you please stand up?

2. 目前学的情态动词有:can, could, may, will,must

3. 用法

1).  can: 表示能力、许可或可能性

I can speak Chinese. 我会说中文。

She can play the piano very well. 她弹钢琴弹得很好。

I can't hear you, can you speak louder? 我听不到你说话,你能大声点吗?

He can't swim. 他不会游泳。

Can she speak French ? 她能说法语吗?

Can we go to the park tomorrow? 明天我们能去公园吗?

2). could: 表示过去的能力、许可或可能性,或用于委婉的请求或建议。

When I was young, I could run very fast. 我年轻时跑得很快。

She could speak Japanese when she lived in Tokyo. 她在东京的时候能说日语。

I couldn't find my keys this morning. 今天早上我找不到我的钥匙。

Could you pass me the salt, please? 你能帮我递一下盐吗?

Could we leave early today? 今天我们能提前离开吗?

3). may: 表示许可或可能性。

You may leave the office early today. 你今天可以提前离开办公室。

The weather may be good for a picnic tomorrow. 明天的天气可能适合野餐。

You may not use your phone during the class. 上课期间你不能用手机。

May I borrow your pen, please? 我可以借你的笔用一下吗?

May we sit here? 我们可以坐在这里吗?

4). will: 表示意愿、将来的事情或习惯性的行为。

She will be here at 3 o'clock. 她会在3点钟到这里。

They will not go on vacation this year. 他们今年不会去度假。

Will you come to the meeting tomorrow? 你明天会来开会吗?

5). must: 表示必须或推测。

You must finish your homework before you go out. 你必须在出门前完成作业。

He must go to bed. 他必须上床睡觉。

You mustn't eat in the classroom. 你不能在教室里吃东西。

Must I finish this today? 我必须今天完成吗?

Yes,you must. 是的,你必须。

No,you needn't. 不必,你不一定要完成。


  1.  Tom can swim very well. (变为一般疑问句)

    Can Tom swim very well?

  2. The students must finish their homework tonight. (改为否定句)

    The students don't need to finish their homework tonight. 

  3. Can I have a cup of tea? (改写句子)

    May I have a cup of tea?



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